National Museums

While all of our National Museums tell the story of Wales and the world, four specialise in different areas of our unique industrial heritage.

The National Waterfront Museum in Swansea tells the inspiring story of Welsh industrial, maritime and transport history. Many of the displays are interactive and the exhibitions change regularly. The museum’s events list includes film showings, talks and family craft activities. If you need a break from exploring, there’s a coffee shop to grab a bite to eat and relax.


Plane at National Waterfront Museum.
Visitors at the National Waterfront Museum in Swansea.

National Waterfront Museum, Swansea

The slate landscape of north west Wales has now become Wales’ 4th UNESCO World Heritage site and it is the result of over 15 years of hard work by partners to record, safeguard and recognise the living legacy of the slate landscape of Gwynedd locally and worldwide. Slate was one of the biggest industries in North Wales, employing thousands of men at the height of production in the 1800s. Welsh slate was exported all over the world because of its quality. Discover all about the quarries, the workers and the local communities at the National Slate Museum in Llanberis. Activities include slate cutting demonstrations and talks.


A group of people watching a demonstration on slate splitting.

National Slate Museum, Llanberis, North West Wales

Dre-fach Felindre is in the heart of rural Carmarthenshire. Surrounded by beautiful countryside, it’s now hard to imagine the hustle and bustle of the woollen mills which used to dominate the land. Welsh wool was made into traditional Welsh blankets, cloth and flannel, and exported all over the world. Based in the historic former Cambrian Mills, the National Wool Museum has working looms and holds regular demonstrations as well as hosting local craft group events. 

Big Pit National Coal Museum is an essential part of the Blaenavon Industrial Landscape UNESCO World Heritage Site experience. A visit here is a day out in itself as you can explore the pithead baths, view the mining galleries exhibitions and have a brew and a bite to eat in the old canteen overlooking Blaenavon. The highlight is the underground mine tour; led by an experienced former miner, you can find out what it was like to work as a coal miner through the ages.

Exploring the galleries

National Waterfront Museum

Aerial view of a harbour, two beaches and pastel coloured houses.
craftsman splitting a slate

National Slate Museum

Dolbadarn Castle
The museum is housed in a former woollen mill

National Wool Museum

dam and resevoir.
Big Pit Museum

Big Pit National Coal Museum

Landscape of the attractions at Cardiff Bay seen from the water.
A view of a forecourt with a red pit wheel and a red building in Blaenavon.

Big Pit Museum, Blaenavon

Llŷn Maritime Museum and Heritage Centre

A ‘Hidden Gem’ award winner, the Llŷn Maritime Museum is based in a converted church in Nefyn on the Llŷn Peninsula. It’s a great place for families to explore the Llŷn’s maritime heritage – artefacts from local shipwrecks, shipbuilding tools and lots of model ships to look at. The museum also holds regular exhibitions and has many paintings, postcards and photos on display. There’s also a lovely coffee shop inside, perfect for an afternoon out.

Menai Heritage - The Menai Bridges Exhibition

Two of the bridges across the Menai Strait are Victorian engineering marvels. Thomas Telford (Menai Suspension Bridge) and Robert Stephenson (Britannia Railway Bridge) developed new designs and techniques to cross the dangerous Menai Strait, revolutionising travel and trade with Ireland. At the Menai Heritage Centre, visitors can walk under or over the suspension bridge, discover how the bridges were built and try building their own bridges. Perfect for budding engineers to use their imaginations!

Llyn Maritime Museum

Dolbadarn Castle
A large bridge crossing a river.

Menai Bridge

Holyhead Maritime Museum

Holyhead Maritime Museum is based in the old lifeboat station at Newry Beach, Holyhead. The museum explores the rich maritime history of Holyhead port, with info on shipwrecks, the heroic local lifeboatmen and sailing the the Irish Sea. There's plenty to do for families with a museum quiz and model boats to look at. There's also a well-stocked shop and the Harbour Front Bistro next door for food.

Porthmadog Maritime Museum

The Porthmadog Maritime Museum is appropriately housed in the last remaining slate shed on the harbour. Porthmadog has a long and fascinating seafaring history; the harbour was a key port for exporting our top quality Welsh slate all over the world. The slate travelled down from the quarries of Blaenau Ffestiniog via the nearby Ffestiniog Railway – at first by gravity run slate trains then by steam power. Here you can find out what Porthmadog owes to the sea – the shipbuilding, the communities and shipping slate around the world. 

Holyhead Maritime Museum

Dolbadarn Castle

Porthmadog Maritime Museum

Dolbadarn Castle
harbour and town viewed from above.

Porthmadog harbour, North Wales

Barmouth Sailors’ Institute

If you fancy a break from the hustle and bustle of Barmouth seafront, pop into this lovely little building and find out about Barmouth’s seaside story. Originally, the Barmouth Sailors’ Institute was a place for sailors to relax while on shore. There was a reading room and a billiards room, plus maps for families to trace their relatives travelling around the world on long voyages. No online maps or GPS tracking in those days! Now restored, it also shows the social history of Barmouth through photos and artefacts.

A grey corrugated iron building.

Barmouth Sailors' Institute, North Wales

Narrow Gauge Railway Museum, Tywyn

Wales has its fair share of narrow gauge railways, many of which are still running today, having been rescued and preserved. The Narrow Gauge Railway Museum is based in Tywyn, home of the world’s first preserved railway, the Talyllyn Railway. Around 200 years of British narrow gauge history is here – from track building to signalling, tickets to engines. There are plenty of interactive displays and events for the whole family to enjoy, including Fletcher Jennings loco 'William Finlay' - a static steam engine to clamber into the cab and ‘drive’! Thomas the Tank Engine fans will love the re-creation of the study used by the Reverend Wilbert Awdry. 

Milford Haven Heritage & Maritime Museum 

Milford Haven wasn’t always about huge ships and oil refineries. Visit the Old Custom House, home of the Milford Haven Heritage and Maritime Museum, to discover the history of the town from the Bronze Age to their whaling and fishing industries. 

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