The Guardian newspaper celebrated the Cambrian Coast Railway as one of the world's 10 epic train journeys in 2016. We’re not going to disagree! Completed by 1869, this incredible feat of Victorian engineering follows our beautiful coastline for most of the journey, showcasing the sandy beaches, coastal villages and outstanding views of this part of The Coastal Way.

The railway line is pretty dramatic; in places it clings to high cliffs and burrows through tunnels hewn from the rock. 

The train ride itself can be a day out, but there's also loads to do along the way."

The line runs between Aberystwyth and Pwllheli (change at Machynlleth), following the curve of Cardigan Bay. The Cambrian Line from Shrewsbury connects the coast line with the Midlands and the rest of the UK. 

The train ride itself can be a day out, but there's also loads to do along the way. There's something for everyone - outdoor and watersports enthusiasts, heritage and history fans and families looking for that perfect sandcastle-making beach.

Come and explore part of The Coastal Way section of The Wales Way by train.

Towns and villages

Travellers are spoilt by the attractive, vibrant harbour towns of Aberystwyth, Aberdyfi, Barmouth, Porthmadog and Pwllheli - wonderful for exploring anytime of the year. Each has it's fair share of independent shops, markets and cafés where you can find homemade delights, local produce and crafts. 

Borth, Tywyn, Fairbourne, Barmouth and Dyffryn Ardudwy have long, sandy beaches, while Pwllheli is the gateway to popular surfing spots on the Llŷn Peninsula. Many places offer water sports and activities to try, including sailing, kayaking, stand up paddleboarding and surfing. Most of our beaches are family friendly and safe for swimming and water sports, but please take care and follow the RNLI’s Beach Safety Advice.

Donkey on the beach
Outside shot of Harlech Castle with a view of the towers and entrance.
Aberystwyth Cliff Railway

Donkeys on Barmouth beach, Harlech Castle and views from Aberystwyth's Constitution Hill

Things to see from the train

The sun rising over the Dyfi Estuary to gently waken the landscape of birds, boats and misty hills is truly special. The line grips the vertiginous cliffs at Y Friog but don't look down, look towards Pwllheli, Barmouth, Porthmadog and Cricieth for panoramic views across Cardigan Bay.

Look out for the yarn bombing (colourful street art made up of knitted or crocheted displays - definitely needs to be seen!) at Llwyngwril station (request stop). You can get off and follow the Yarn Bombing Trail if you like - a guide is available from outside the shop by Gwril's bridge.

There’s plenty of wildlife to see as well – sea birds (including cormorants), dolphins, porpoises and various birds of prey live in the area."

As you head north past Barmouth, the line veers inland slightly and the flatter landscape reveals some fantastic views of Snowdonia on both sides. On a clear day you should be able to see the distant Llŷn Peninsula and Bardsey Island draw ever closer, as you pass through Aberdyfi, Tywyn, Barmouth, Harlech, Porthmadog and Cricieth. Watch out for the colourful Italianate village of Portmeirion hidden in the trees across the Dwyryd river as you pass through Tygwyn (just after Harlech).

There’s plenty of wildlife to see as well – sea birds (including cormorants), dolphins, porpoises and various birds of prey live in the area. Along the Dyfi estuary, the Dyfi Osprey Project nest is visible near Dyfi Junction and you also pass the RSPB Ynys-hir Nature Reserve and the Dyfi National Nature Reserve and Ynyslas Visitor Centre. See if you can spot waders, ospreys and other sea birds from the train depending on the season.

Portmeirion hidden in the trees, view from over the river

Portmeirion, seen from across the river

History and heritage

If heritage and history are more your thing, it’ll definitely take more than one day out to see everything!

Stop off and explore the mighty Harlech and Cricieth castles, or simply admire them as you pass by - it's hard to miss them. 

There are plenty of museums and galleries to wander round as well. Aberystwyth is home to the National Library of Wales and Ceredigion Museum; both host regular exhibitions and events. Machynlleth is home to the Museum of Modern Art Machynlleth and the Owain Glyndŵr Centre. The Narrow Gauge Railway Museum is based in Tywyn, Barmouth Sailor’s Institute is a lovely place to escape the busy town, and Porthmadog has its own Maritime Museum.

Criccieth Castle on a hill with beach below
Exterior of Barmouth Sailors' Institute - grey corrugated iron walls and roof with a sign

Cricieth Castle and Barmouth Sailors' Institute

The Cambrian Line is a railway enthusiast’s dream destination.

This area of Wales is world famous for its historic narrow gauge steam railways, many originally built to support the slate quarrying industry. Heritage railways you can visit along the route include the Vale of Rheidol in Aberystwyth, the Talyllyn Railway in Tywyn (which kick-started the railway preservation movement in 1951), and the Fairbourne Miniature Railway

Porthmadog is home to the Welsh Highland Heritage Railway, plus the Ffestiniog & Welsh Highland Railways - the Ffestiniog is the world's oldest narrow gauge railway. Some offer discounts to people arriving by public transport or who have a Great Little Trains of Wales discount card.

Welsh Highland and Ffestiniog Railway steam engine at Porthmadog's Harbour Station

Ffestiniog Railway train going over the Cob at Porthmadog

Circular tours

For a family-friendly mini-tour, Barmouth is a good starting point. During the summer you can board the ferry from the harbour to Fairbourne Point, travel on the steam railway into Fairbourne, then catch the Cambrian Line train back to Barmouth or vice versa.

Remember to check train times, and leave yourself plenty of time to build sandcastles on Fairbourne's lovely beach. If you get off at Morfa Mawddach (request stop) you can walk across the spectacular viaduct into Barmouth, but be careful on the narrow roads leading into the town.

A Fairbourne Steam Railway train travelling along the Mawddach Estuary.

Fairbourne Miniature Railway with Barmouth Viaduct in the background

How about doing a circular tour of the Cambrian and North Wales Coast lines via the Shrewsbury to Chester line, the Conwy Valley Line and the Ffestiniog Railway? You can get a rover ticket (‘Ffestiniog Round Robin’) which allows you to do it all in a day. Please plan and check train times carefully before you set out - it’s usually only doable during the summer timetable.

Starting off early from Machynlleth (or other stations along the route), ask for a Ffestiniog Round Robin ticket. Head towards Shrewsbury, change there for Chester or Llandudno Junction, change at Llandudno Junction for Blaenau Ffestiniog (along the scenic Conwy Valley Line), and catch the Ffestiniog steam train to Porthmadog Harbour station. Walk through the town to the Cambrian Line station to get the train back to your original starting point. You can do it the other way round but check train times before you travel.

There are also various 'rover' ticket options to explore the railways across one or more days. Some include bus travel as well to really help you explore Wales by public transport.

Walking and cycling

Walkers can use the railway service to tick off sections of the Wales Coast Path off their list without worrying about driving – there’s a handy guide on the Wales Coast Path website. Other well known walks include the Mawddach Way walking trail along the beautiful Mawddach estuary, starting from Barmouth. The Panorama Walk takes you high above the coast for fabulous views, while Harlech's 2 mile Branwen walk explores the town and beach. The Visit Snowdonia website also has some good walks to check out.

Cycling by the sea

Cycling in Barmouth

Bikes can be taken on the train, although you may need to book in advance. The Mawddach Trail along the disused railway line towards Dolgellau is perfect for a family cycle ride - it's flat and very scenic. Aberystwyth is a good base to start exploring long-distance cycle routes - the Ystwyth Cycle Trail and the Rheidol Cycle Trail for starters. Machynlleth is the starting point for various bike trails and there's a cycle path to get to the Centre for Alternative Technology for a family day out.

Being west facing, the vivid sunsets really are something special."

Whatever you decide to do, try to finish off your day watching a spectacular Cardigan Bay sunset from the train, or settle down in one of the many seaside pubs or restaurants before catching the last train home. Being west facing, the vivid sunsets really are something special. Just like the Cambrian Line.

Find out train times, fares and attraction discount offers via the Transport for Wales website.

View from Coast Path over Borth and Ynyslas towards Aberdovey Ceredigion

The Wales Coast Path above Borth, looking towards Ynyslas and Aberdyfi

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