Viking roots, historic developments of North Wales

Anglesey, for example, is thought to take its title from a mystery Viking. The Great Orme, where you can scale the cliff summit on the cable-carried gauge tramway, means 'worm' or 'serpent', a comparison made by its invaders during less idyllic times.

Passengers on Great Orme Tramway, Llandudno as it passes the coast in the background
Great Orme Tramway, Llandudno

The Middle Ages

We’re talking about the 10th century here, but druidic references to the region stretch back to Roman times. Plas Newydd, which offers wonderful views of the surrounding Menai Strait, has yielded numerous megalithic discoveries. Go for a wander anywhere in spectacular Snowdonia and you’ll see why it was considered the most powerful Welsh kingdom during the Middle Ages, when its mountainous terrain proved perfect for creating stubborn defences. 

North Wales’ industrial history

Industrial history surrounds you here. The National Slate Museum in Llanberis brings it together in a setting scarcely removed from its heyday, complete with the giant waterwheel and 19th century workshops where bygone Welshmen once toiled.

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Visit the castles of Conwy, Caernarfon and Harlech – all World Heritage Sites – for a glimpse of the visions of impenetrability Edward I once had for the landscape."

The only Welsh Prime Minister

One tiny village has a hidden political history. Llanystumdwy has a population of less than 2,000, but it happened to be the place where David Lloyd George, the Prime Minister who led Britain to victory in the First World War, grew up and learned many of his fiercely liberal principles. His grave is set in a wooded valley. You can visit his childhood home, Highgate, which is now the Lloyd George Memorial Museum.

Victorian promenades

From soil to sand, saunter along the shore at Rhyl and Prestatyn to follow in the footsteps of Victorian fun-lovers. Prestatyn is North Wales’ oldest established resort, and both areas became extremely fashionable during the mid-19th century, although you can find their most gripping stories several hundred years before then. 

Prestatyn Castle was famously built by Henry II in 1157, turning it into a vital strategic landmark during Norman times. It lasted a mere 10 years before being razed by the Welsh, but you can still see its remnants within the town that the king once used as a garrison.

Photo looking up at Conwy Castle
Golygfa o gastell Harlech
Conwy and Harlech Castle

The railway lines which once passed along here carried minerals from the quarries. Try the Llanberis Lake Railway if a trip on the tracks takes your fancy. Tŷ Siamas in Dolgellau is worth a visit to imagine the sounds of ancient Wales. This is where to discover the story of Welsh folk music, set in a market building built in the 19th century. It’s been a grain store, dance hall and political meeting centre, apparently founded by the first musician to come up with a triple harp in Wales. Raise a toast to him in the town where the country’s inaugural folk festival took place.

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