Independent spirit: exploring Anglesey AONB
With standing stones, ancient burial mounds, the remains of a booming copper mine, a World Heritage listed castle and two grand Victorian bridges, history really comes to life on Anglesey. It’s beautiful too, with lovely coastal landscapes to explore on foot.
The Isle of Anglesey, once called the Mother of Wales, has bags of character. Perched in the far northwest of Wales, it has always had a strong sense of otherness. Where else would the locals have been bold enough to cook up Britain’s longest place name, Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch?
There’s an independent spirit at work here, but that’s not to say it’s unwelcoming. The island has a genuine flavour, so much so that everyone, from day-trippers checking out Beaumaris’ buzzing new restaurant scene to a certain Royal couple, is made to feel at home.
People dancing in Beaumaris, Anglesey
Less than 300 square miles in extent, the island is far smaller than most British counties, but there’s plenty of variety in its breezy, open landscapes. Much of Anglesey’s 125-mile coast is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) – a lovely collection of sand dunes, coves and cliffs, with pretty villages and pebble beaches. It’s particularly beautiful in spring, when the clifftops are sprinkled with wildflowers.
Ancient burial chambers, grand Victorian bridges
Looking down the Menai Straits to the Menai Bridge, Anglesey by Where you too?
The defiant spirit you’ll find on Anglesey today has its roots in the distant past. The island was considered holy by the Celts; it was a stronghold of their priests, the Druids, who planted it with groves of sacred oaks. This was the last pocket of Wales to resist the Roman invasion in the first century AD. For the advancing army, the island’s rich copper reserves were well worth the fight. Before that, Anglesey had been home to Neolithic and Bronze Age communities, whose burial mounds remain.
The 18th and 19th centuries brought huge changes. In the 1760s, an investigation of the old Roman copper mines on Parys Mountain led to the discovery of a huge lode, close to the surface. By the 1780s, Parys Mountain was the largest and most productive copper mine in Europe and its copper was used to make wooden ships copper-bottomed, boosting Britain’s dominance as a seafaring nation. In 1826, Thomas Telford completed the world’s first major suspension bridge, the Menai Bridge, giving the island its first permanent Menai Strait crossing. Then in 1850, Robert Stephenson added a rail bridge, the Britannia Bridge, a final vital link in the direct rail and sea route from London to Dublin.
Following the coast
The coastline of Anglesey by C Branston
A stroll or a hike along the Anglesey Coast Path is a great way to explore. Some sections double as a cycle route and bridleway. If you have time, you could make your way round the entire, 125-mile circuit, passing wild beaches, flower-dotted heathland and mud flats busy with birds. You’ll need a couple of weeks to do the route justice. Once you’ve made it all the way round, you can claim a badge and a certificate from the Friends of the Isle of Anglesey Coastal Path.
Alternatively, you could tackle the path in chunks. There are many beautiful stretches to choose from. The island contains three of the six Welsh Heritage Coasts: North Anglesey from Church Bay to Dulas Bay, Holyhead Mountain in the west and Aberffraw Bay in the southwest. It’s also home to some fine architecture: gracing the southeastern shores are Plas Newydd, an elegant National Trust mansion, and the World Heritage listed Beaumaris Castle.
After all that fresh air, you'll be hungry. Head to Newborough and try out one of Wales' most innovative restaurants, The Marram Grass. Making the most of seasonal local produce, the menu changes regularly.
Beaumaris Castle, Anglesey
Find out further information about Anglesey AONB